Using trivia, students explore how energy use changed in the Industrial Revolution and the effects this had on society, environment, and economy.
With the Industrial Revolution came the widespread use of fossil fuels. Students will roleplay as workers on an assembly line production to experience an innovation of the Industrial Revolution.
A single screen and laptop is used for watching the video and answering questions together as a class.
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Multi-player mode allows you to run the activity while your students participate (either individually or in small groups) on their own phones, tablets, or computers.
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The Industrial Revolution is generally considered to have taken place between 1760-1850, starting in Britain and then moving to other countries. Inventions like the steam engine, cotton gin, spinning jenny, power loom and others changed the way things were made and increased the use of fossil fuels. The steam engine meant coal was mined at deeper levels, and the creation of railways and canal systems allowed the coal to be transported farther and more cheaply, driving increased coal use. Factories were built in cities, and increased agriculture efficiencies drove more people to the cities for work. Work in factories was often dangerous, leading to illness and injury, and thus loss of work. Hours were long and working conditions poor. Income inequality grew as factory owners became wealthy, and workers lived in slums. Factories burning coal created dense air pollution in cities, with many health consequences.
The invention of the cotton gin, which removed cotton seeds from the cotton and made cotton a financially viable crop, led to the massive increase of cotton production in America. Since cotton relied on enslaved people to be produced, this also led to a rapid increase in the slave trade.
With rapidly changing living conditions in Britain, more people chose to leave and travel to North America. In North America, railways were built in the 19th century, facilitating transportation of goods and leading to more manufacturing. In the late 19th and early 20th century, mass automation and the moving assembly line led to growth in rail, steel, consumer goods and automotive sectors.
The modern labour movement grew out of working conditions during the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, organizing workers and using strikes to demand child labour laws, caps on work hours, minimum wage laws, lunch breaks, and health and safety regulations.
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Discover what life was like in the 1700s, Pre-Industrial Revolution before the widespread use of fossil fuels.
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