Roll the dice to follow a salmon’s path from the river out the ocean and back upstream with this printable board game. Along the way, we learn how other living things are connected to salmon and the role we play in caring for our resources.
Indigenous Peoples depend on their knowledge of place that has evolved from generations of observations about how plants and animals respond to seasonal patterns. The land provides Indigenous Peoples with food, water, shelter, clothing and tools, as well as a spiritual connection, stories and traditions.
Indigenous Peoples have long recognized the interconnectedness of all living things on Earth. The concept of interconnectedness, and that humans are just one strand in the web of life, may help students to understand the importance of caring for the environment and acting as stewards, or caretakers, of Earth’s resources.
Egg: eggs are laid in rivers by the female in a nest (known as a redd) and then one or more males fertilize the eggs.
Alevin: when the eggs hatch in late winter, the tiny fish are called alevin. Alevin have a nutritious yolk sac attached to their bellies that they feed on for up to four months.
Fry: once they have finished their yolk sac and leave the gravel, they start to feed on live prey. They may head straight to the ocean or stay in the river for another year.
Smolt: as salmon swim to the ocean, their bodies go through major physiological changes, called smolting. In the estuaries, where rivers meet the ocean, their bodies adjust and adapt to living in salt water.
Adult: salmon become adults when they reach the ocean and live there for one to seven years.
Spawner: when they begin the journey back to the river where they hatch to lay or fertilize eggs, they are called a spawner.